Violent crime is characterized by an increased public danger, rather high prevalence and stability.The study of the structure of psychological relations of convicted persons of offences against life and health and convicts of offences against the sexual integrity and the sexual freedom of the individual provides an opportunity to significantly increase the productivity and effectiveness of individual educational and correctional work with this group of persons, allows to see the perspective of personal development and predict its behavior.
The purpose of our research was studying the structure of psychological relations of convicted persons of violent crimes.
The research was carried out on the basis of Federal State Institution"Correctional labor colony № 3" of the Department of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia in the Vladimir region. The sample consisted of convicted men of violent crimes aged 31 to 53. In total 80 people.
The theoretical analysis allowed us to reveal the integral structure of human attitude to life, which consists in the trinity of relations: relations to himself, to others and to activity.
The study of these components was implemented in an empirical study by means of a personality questionnaire HEXACO-PI-R, technique of studying self-attitude of S.R. Panteleev, Machiavellianism test in the adaptation of V.V. Znakov, motivational-self-assessment questionnaire of V.A. Zobkov, Bass orientation inventory. Besides, we used the author's questionnaire to identify 19 objective-psychological manifestations that express attitude to life.
Spearman's rank correlation coefficient let us to obtain two structures of relations of convicts, and their analysis by A.V. Karpov showed that, in general, the structures of psychological relations of these groups do not differ, except for the distribution of negative coefficients within the intercorrelation matrix.
The absence of differences in complexity and orientation indicates significant personal characteristics of convicts of violent crimes, which determine their illegal behavior.
In relation to themselves, both groups are characterized by a superficial perception of themselves, denial of guilt and responsibility. A group of convicted persons of offences against life and health is characterized by a tendency to underestimate self-esteem, while another group is characterized by an inadequately low self-esteem.
Those convicted of offences against life and health tend to manipulate others for personal gain and make decisions on impulse.
Those convicted of offences against the sexual integrity and the sexual freedom of the individual do not feel their right to a high social status, flatter others to get what they want.
Convicted persons of violent crimes perceive other people as aggressors and implement defensive aggression in relation to other people. They demonstrate shyness, modesty, alienation and introversion.
Both groups of convicts are moderately interested in various areas of subject activity, are free to use their imagination in everyday life and are attracted to radical ideas.
Those convicted of offences against life and health prefer, in contrast to those convicted of offences against sexual integrity and sexual freedom of the individual, to focus primarily on business, and not on interpersonal cooperation, because of this, they are able to conflict in work.
Therefore we have partially verified the main hypothesis of the research: the structure of psychological relations of convicts of offences against life and health and convicted persons of offences against sexual integrity and sexual freedom of the individual is different. One of the specific hypotheses that the leading component in the structure of psychological relations of convicted persons of violent crimes is their relation to themselves is falsified. And the other that those convicted of violent crimes who have such a manifestation of relation to others as shyness express aggression as a compensatory mechanism of emotional instability is confirmed.
Based on the results, practical recommendations were developed for correcting the system of psychological relations of convicts of violent crimes from the position of an integrative subject-activity approach, the implementation of which should contribute to the successful adaptation of a person to life in a new macro-environment, their acceptance of society and their acceptance by society itself.
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