Paid parking services engineering - Студенческий научный форум

XII Международная студенческая научная конференция Студенческий научный форум - 2020

Paid parking services engineering

Зацеляпин А.Д. 1, Кочеткова О.В. 1
1Волгоградский государственный аграрный университет
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This project presents the engineering activities of a paid car park in terms of a systematic approach and the requirements of business engineering.

Subject area

Subject area - is a set of properties and relations which are considered in scientific theory [1]

A parking lot (American English) or car park (British English), also known as a car lot, is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles.

A car (or automobile) - is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

Every single day there are more and more cars, parking lots in the modern world are a must, otherwise, cars will create a huge inconvenience for pedestrians.

1.1. System Requirements

The main requirements in the relationship between the customer are:




The main requirements in the relationship between management and staff are:

Correct labor rate

Prioritization (quality is more important than the amount of work done)

Bonuses for good workers

Providing a pleasant working environment for comfortable work

1.2. Root processes

General scheme of root processes is shown in picture 1. Root processes are shown in picture 2

Vehicle Security

Car wash (extra charge)

Polishing vehicles (extra charge)

Charging the battery (extra charge)


Learning customers desires

Collecting and putting into use valuable information


Implementing work

Transferring the object into operation

General scheme of root processes, picture 1

Root processes, picture 2

2. System Activities review

2.1. Characteristics of the object and the systems activities

Systems activity – giving territory to park your car and getting paid for it. Also, you can get extra services, such as washing your car, charging its battery and so on.

Service - the action of helping or doing work for someone.

- a system supplying a public need such as transport, communications, or utilities such as electricity and water.

Cost – the amount of money needed to buy, do or make something.

System life cycle — these are stages, which cover various states of the system, starting from the moment it becomes necessary and ending with its complete dismissal

2.2. Minimum services provided by a parking lot

Car security

Clean parking spots

Comfortable location

Easy drive-in

Comfortable arrangement for easy parking

Cameras on the parking lot

2.3. Optimal services provided by a parking lot

Everything that goes into minimum services

Washing car

Charging battery

Polishing car

Key components of the objects business model – system

Shown in picture 3

Picture 3 - Key components of the business model – system

2.4. Project Breakdown Structure – PBS

Project Breakdown Structure – PBS - this is a hierarchical breakdown of the entire product that must be performed to achieve the objectives of the project, this model considers the general project plan [2]. Shown in picture 4.

Picture 4 - Project Breakdown Structure

2.5. Work Breakdown Structure – WBS

Work Breakdown Structure - it is a hierarchical breakdown of all the work that needs to be done to achieve the goals of the project, broken into smaller operations and actions to a level where the actions are clear and the corresponding work can be evaluated and planned [3] . Shown in picture 5.

Picture 5 - Work Breakdown Structure

2.6. List of viewed information models in topic

Requirements model



3. Economic activity of the enterprise

3.1. Key terms and concepts

Value – the monetary worth of something : MARKET PRICE.

Cost – the amount of money needed to buy, do or make something.

Value chains – is a set of activities that a firm operating in a specific industry performs in order to deliver a valuable product (i.e., good and/or service) for the market.

Company —an organization that sells goods or services in order to make money

Business process — is a collection of related, structured activities or tasks by people or equipment which is a specific sequence that produces a service or product (serves a particular business goal) for a particular customer or customers.

3.2. Company characteristics

Company -an organization that sells goods or services in order to make money [4]. 

This business model has a repeating life cycle. (Shown in picture 4)

Picture 6 - life cycle

3.3. Process of products life cycle.

Shown in diagram – picture 7.

Picture 7 – Process of products life cycle

3.4. Characteristics of the economic enterprise

The company carries out economic activity.

Business profits from providing services.

Money is spent on personnel, materials and utility bills.

Business model has a positive income if located in a profitable place.

3.5. Business model framework

Business model framework - is an abstract concept of structure, which is used in research to determine possible ways to solve a problem or present an idea [5]. Shown in picture 8.

Picture 8 - Business model framework

4. Enterprise engineering. System management.

4.1. Key terms and concepts

The system of enterprise activity - is a mixture of elements and components of the organization, enterprise activity and their relationship.

Business processes – is a collection of related, structured activities or tasks by people or equipment which in a specific sequence produce a service or product (serves a particular business goal) for a particular customer or customers.

Infrastructure services of the enterprise activity system - services for ensuring the implementation of activities by the enterprise taken into account during engineering.

Participants and organization of participants - the composition of participants and their vertical and horizontal ordering among themselves and concerning business processes.

Management - observation and adjustment of the performance of activities (business processes) to achieve goals.

An enterprise management system - is part of an enterprise activity system related to organization and management.

4.2. Problems

Seasonal business

Great responsibility

Price of maintenance

4.3. Swot analytics

SWOT analysis - allows you to identify those strengths and weaknesses that require the most attention and effort on the part of the enterprise [6]. Shown in picture [9].

Picture 9-SWOT analysis

4.4. Owner and participants in the process


Manager- controlling the process

Security- to look out for cars

Car washers – to wash the cars

Car polishers – to polish the cars

Mechanic- to charge batteries and do any maintenance if urgent

4.5. Match matrix

Match matrix - is ​​a two-dimensional table containing the correspondence of the functional requirements of the product [7]. Tables shown in picture 10, 11,12/

Picture 10 –Management processes

Picture 11 – Main processes

Picture 12 – Supporting services

5. How to improve the enterprise?

Making tickets available online

Make your own materials

Deliver car home after finishing services

Improve vehicle returns

6. List of used sources

Parking(construction) «Wikipedia»

Online resource - available at:

Parking lot as a Business: Building Tips «Русский START-UP»

Online resource - available at:

Own business: organize your own car parking «»

Online resource - available at:

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