Current state of gasification by natural gas - Студенческий научный форум

XII Международная студенческая научная конференция Студенческий научный форум - 2020

Current state of gasification by natural gas

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Natural gases are a highly efficient energy source and a valuable chemical raw material, so they are now widely used for gas supply to cities and industrial enterprises. Natural gas has a number of advantages over other fuels and raw materials: non-toxic; lighter than air; has a high calorific value; extraction, transportation and use is easier than other fuels. In the middle of the last century began an active gasification of the cities of the Russian Federation. The article presents information from the history of gasification in Russia and Perm. The article presents an analysis of the level and volume of financing of gasification in Russia and Perm. Currently, the growth rate of gasification in the country is stable, but in many Federal districts the level of gasification is quite low. The condition of priority allocation of investments for gasification of the region is the absence of debts to pay for current gas supplies; repayment of debts of previous years; economic efficiency of the proposed facilities; loading of gas pipelines and gas distribution stations; readiness of consumers to receive gas. In addition, one of the problems of the gas industry in Russia is the deterioration of existing gas pipelines. Taking into account the service life of steel gas pipelines, it is now necessary to make decisions on their reconstruction and replacement. According to estimates of reliability of gas supply to consumers, the gas supply system of the right Bank of Perm is considered reliable. The gas supply system of the left Bank of Perm does not meet all the requirements of reliability due to the lack of communication of gas sources, as well as the need for repair work on gas distribution networks of high pressure.

Natural gases are a highly efficient energy source and a valuable chemical raw material, so they are now widely used for gas supply to cities and industrial enterprises. Natural gas has a number of advantages over other fuels and raw materials: non-toxic; lighter than air; has a high calorific value; extraction, transportation and use is easier than other fuels.

In the middle of the last century began an active gasification of the cities of the Russian Federation. The article presents information from the history of gasification in Russia and Perm. The article presents an analysis of the level and volume of financing of gasification in Russia and Perm.

Currently, the growth rate of gasification in the country is stable, but in many Federal districts the level of gasification is quite low.

The condition of priority allocation of investments for gasification of the region is the absence of debts to pay for current gas supplies; repayment of debts of previous years; economic efficiency of the proposed facilities; loading of gas pipelines and gas distribution stations; readiness of consumers to receive gas.

In addition, one of the problems of the gas industry in Russia is the deterioration of existing gas pipelines. Taking into account the service life of steel gas pipelines, it is now necessary to make decisions on their reconstruction and replacement.

According to estimates of reliability of gas supply to consumers, the gas supply system of the right Bank of Perm is considered reliable. The gas supply system of the left Bank of Perm does not meet all the requirements of reliability due to the lack of communication of gas sources, as well as the need for repair work on gas distribution networks of high pressure.

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