ЦИФРОВАЯ ГРАМОТНОСТЬ НА УРОКАХ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА - Студенческий научный форум

IX Международная студенческая научная конференция Студенческий научный форум - 2017

ЦИФРОВАЯ ГРАМОТНОСТЬ НА УРОКАХ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

Асанова А.Б. 1, Жуматаева Б.К. 2
1ЕНУ им. Л.Н. Гумилева
2Евразийский национальный университет имени Л. Н. Гумилёва
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Globalization has accelerated and English has turned to one of the key competencies for international interaction. English communicative competence can be defined as “must” item to have in order to survive in the competitive modern world. This affects to the national educational policy in Kazakhstan. But there are another item which describes a person of 21 century, it is digital literacy. The biggest innovation in the educational system is the introduction of modern learning technologies. The peculiarity of Kazakhstan's approach is modern methods integrated with traditional, and therefore it will change the learning paradigm, the role of the teacher and the role of students in the classroom. In general, the educational process will be the most intensified by the modern technologies, that is, we will get more information, more knowledge, more digital competence.

In addition, according to experts, the introduction of digital technologies will free up more time for students to engage in creative work and sports. At 2020 almost all the country's schools will go to acquire knowledge via Internet and media.

Innovation is not a goal but as a means to achieve results in education and in life.

The teacher must not only conduct lessons, his vocation to help gain knowledge in accordance with modern techniques, helping students develop their digital skills comprehensively.

“Digital Literacy” is one of technology in the classroom which are considered as a skill of 21st century students. This term is very relevant in our time, but in its core it is simple “Literacy”: The ability to read and write - so “digital literacy” it is ability to use technology in the classroom to achieve those goals. There are some definitions of the term below. In accordance with Cornell University, it is "The ability to find, evaluate, utilize, share, and create content using information technologies and the Internet." Paul Gilster has described Digital literacy as "the ability to understand and use information in multiple formats from a wide range of sources when it is presented via computers.”

According to a book “Digital Literacies” which was written by Gavin Dudeney Nicky Hockly and Dr. Mark Pegrum, they explore these new literacies in detail, offering a variety of practical ideas of how they can be developed in the English language classroom. The major idea which was presented by scientists was to change the usual lesson plan. From their point of view the easiest ways of incorporating both digital literacy and 21st century skills development into ordinary lesson plans is to start where most teachers find themselves: with a unit of a course book or teaching materials. A typical example might look like this:

Now, in order to incorporate these skills and tools, we add three columns to the right of the grid:

And here we begin to map how we might include one or more digital literacies, one or more 21st century skill, and the kinds of technology we might use. Here’s an example with more detail:

This sort of table can be found to be very practical – it allows a teacher to plan strategic, directed to use of technology, whilst ensuring that the literacies and skills developed well with the theme of the learning materials respectively, and allow learners to appreciate the link between seemingly contrasting elements of the lesson or activity.

Introducing modern technology into the classroom, we not only make the lesson more diverse and interesting for the students, but we also solve another problem of teaching children digital literacy. As a result, a lesson has not only academic educational and developmental function, as well digital.

For successful development of digital literacy of students, the class must be equipped with respective techniques. It implies the similar reading-writing skills, but without paper, pens, textbooks. It's purpose-built and student-driven. As a teacher, you should provide the following:

  • Digital devices -- such as laptops, smartphone, a projector for daily use.

  • A digital class plan -- with due dates, activities, and other events.

  • A feedback device -- to assess student learning while it's happening (with tools such as Socrative, Today's Meet)

  • A class web-page or profile -- to share classroom activities with parents and other teachers.

  • Student digital portfolios -- to collect student work for viewing and monitoring the progress

  • Student e-mail -- to communicate quickly with students outside classroom. It can be messagers ( gmail, twitter, facebook)

  • Vocabulary tool -- so students can quickly translate words they don't understand in their reading. Make this dictionary tool easily accessible from any digital device being used.

There are a lot of ways to use a techniques in your classroom. You most likely are already using it to have students write their essays or find out an information. But there are so many other ways that can really amp up your students’ learning experiences. Here are a few suggestions.

  • Blogging: to write and share

  • Video Conferencing: allows educators to connect to other educators from across the globe.

  • Social Media:Create a classroom web-account to post and discuss an educational topic with others

  • Podcast:listen to a podcast or create their own.

  • Play Games: by using educational apps

  • Take a Virtual Tour: online maps allow leaners to be able to take a virtual tour around the world

You can use these techniques for other activities, from the usual movie watching to the participating in international conferences. At the same time, these exercises develop creativity in students, which is important in our modern world.

We comprehend that communication is increasingly digitally mediated. If our learners are to be fully functional citizens in the 21st century, they need digital skills. We can promote these skills in parallel with teaching English. Digital skills and English can help many of learners get ahead in the workplace, or prepare our younger learners for better future job opportunities. And equally important, they can make our classes a lot more relevant and interesting in the here and now.

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