The incidence of the cerebrovascular diseases among young adults is approximately 2-11/100.000. ethiological diagnosis is very heterogenous including cardioembolism as the most common cause reportedly 50 out of 100 amonst the age (18-45) are reportedly to have suffering from the cerebro-vascular diseases.
Risks of cerebrovascular diseases :-
I. High blood pressure
IV. Atrial fibrillation
V. Poor diet
VII. Lack of exercise
X. Over weight
Prevention of cerebro-vascular diseases
Cerebro-vascular diseases can be prevented by abiding by the following recommendation
Regular physical exercise
Stop smoking ,
Eat heart healthy diet with a low fat content,
Maintain healthy weight
Control B.P(blood pressure)
Lower blood cholesterol with diet and medications
Limiting alcohol intake to more than one to two drinks a day
Treartment options for cerebrovascular disease
In the case of an acute stroke a medication called tPA (tissue plasminogen activator)may be given . the medication breaks up the blood clot
Carotid endartectomy :- is a procedure where an incision is made into the carotid artery, and the plaque is removed allowing the blood to flow again . then the artery is repaired with sutures or a graft .
In the carotid artery angioplasty and stenting , a balloon-tipped catheter is inserted into the artery ;then the ballon is inflated so that it presses against the plaque , sqaushing it flat and reopening the artery. A tiny , slender metal mesh tube is fitted inside the carotid artery to improve the blood flow in the arteries blocked plaque . the stent helps by preventing the artery from collapsing or closing up after the procedure is complete.
If your risk of getting cerebrovascular disease is thought is thought to be particularly high , medication may be prescribed to help reduce the risk .
For example , you may be prescribed :
Statins:- to help lower blood cholesterol levels.
Anticoagulants (blood-thinning medication)- such as warfarin to help prevent blood clots from heart diseases or arterial fibrillation
such as low-dose asprin or clopidogrel to prevent blood clots from the blood vessel diseases
Angiotensin-converging enzyme inhibitors or a calsium blocker – to treat high blood pressure.
Stress reducing the amount of stress in your life may help you control your blood pressure as well as keeping your blood sugar levels under control . both of these will help reduce risk factor of getting cerebrovacular disease
Smoking the toxins in the tobacco can damage and narrow the blood vessels that supply brain .smoking also causes high blood pressure prevention of smoking leads to normal blood pressure and less tensions . and helps prevent the cerebro vascular diseases.
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